Journal of Animal Science 73, no. Red clover, a biennial, or short-lived perennial, bears an oval purplish flower head about 2.5 cm (1 inch) in diameter. White clover can tolerate close grazing but persists best if allowed a period to recover. 2 (2003): 353-372. Alsike clover, a perennial species sometimes called Swedish clover, or Alsatian clover, bears globular rosy-pink flower heads. White clover is best suited to soils which have good moisture holding ability. 0000007908 00000 n 0000000994 00000 n Growing white clover in Kentucky. Henning, J. C. and H. N. Wheaton. The stems are creeping and root at the joints. "The physical digestion of perennial ryegrass (, Wolfe, E. C., and Alec Lazenby. 0000001928 00000 n It is a large leaf clover, very high in protein, vitamins, and minerals. Penn State University Extension. 0000011600 00000 n [40], In India, T. repens is considered a folk medicine against intestinal helminthic worms, and an experimental in-vivo study validated that the aerial shoots of T. repens bear significant anticestodal properties. "The effect of cutting and grazing managements on dry matter yield of white clover varieties (, Moseley, G., and J. R. Jones. A new intermediate- type white clover with high stolen density helping it spread aggressively and rootdown avoiding hoof and grazing pressure. In warmer areas, it may behave as a summer growing annual. White clover establishment and management guide. [4][5][6][7][8][9][10] The species includes varieties often classed as small, intermediate and large, according to height, which reflects petiole length. Correa A., M.D., C. Galdames & M. Stapf. [15] As a leguminous and hardy plant, it is considered to be a beneficial component of natural or organic pasture management and lawn care due to its ability to fix nitrogen and out-compete weeds. 0000001480 00000 n White clover is found throughout the United States. Leaves and roots develop along the stolon at the nodes. zH{�e�R�H)'p���K��0���R\���R�_��K��v��=����Nn� ����+�]��iY�A9�� �� endstream endobj 152 0 obj<>stream [23] Symbiotic nitrogen fixation (up to 545 kg N per hectare per year,[24] although usually much less, e.g. G4639. trailer H��UMo�0��W�h�+)�E����v0�C��c+�6�*,�A��GR��nI1���V����'��2�rE�BA���e Leafy variety with big leaves that are compatible with tall fescues, orchardgrasses, timothy, ryegrass, red clover, and alfalfa. [18] [19][20][21] Additionally, it is possible that one of the diploid ancestors has yet to be analyzed, either because it has not been discovered or is extinct.[22]. Univ. Pharmaceutical Biology 42: 656–658. White clover, a low creeping perennial, is often used in lawn-grass mixtures and bears a white… Suited to a wide range of soils, being relatively tolerant of acidic soils. [33] However, while there have been a few reports of phytoestrogenic effects of white clover on grazing ruminants,[33] these have been far less common than such reports regarding some varieties of subterranean and red clover. It is native to Europe, including the British Isles,[3] and central Asia and is one of the most widely cultivated types of clover. Red Clover RED CLOVER (Trifolium pratense L.) Botanical description: Red Clover is mainly biennial. x�bbd`b``Ń3�%U@� l! +h!.r� �W�)��/�@^�V�����a�e�2�B�}��Q=�>��A�7C5��n��R*!�Iy��L�� Known occurrences, collected specimens and observations of white clover. 1. B 1251. Carlsson, G., and K. Huss-Danell. }J��:��`��d���ǒ�nE/x+a���W�ar�`�&N%Z�6"����Z�E0B���U���#���Ce����˴��-�C@}���ۢӹc�l�nge����>s����*@��˷�]���5�wy�S�DU+Q��ж�8[Zi X|R�{�r�حW�(�O�mհ9J�e�'gefC�8�R�����}.ߴu$����Q���0��Oi��\?X5k� ��� �+���פ2���;��7���ZZc$'�` �V�� 0000009833 00000 n "The pastoral significance, adaptive characteristics, and grazing value of white clover (, Caradus, J. R. "Genetic diversity within white clover (, Yadav, A. K. 2004. endstream endobj 153 0 obj<>stream White clover is often planted in pasture and forage mixes but also occurs as a weed of lawns, turfgrass, landscapes, and orchards. Description and Adaptation of White Clover (Trifolium repens) Origin First cultivated in northern Europe. Trifolium hybridum, alsike or Swedish clover, is a perennial which was introduced early in the 19th century and has now become naturalized in Britain.The flowers are white or rosy, and resemble those of Trifolium repens. [citation needed]. Trifolium repens is a tetraploid (4n=32) with two diploid ancestors. >Z�>Q���f�g�dZޡr��VI$��$yR��e�!rrl%��ز�)\���8�����S��b�t�N��0,�y�*�tx�~��,�������J�+��|&��;ƛrI��/j�s����I�2�T�c&���X����x��hz��v8����7n�6q��6ի`T,�'����М_��;0L�Ùx{B�����Y%�R��`��J�W ��ZT�Ao|��uSƵ���>�&�\mn�ڏ0;��Xc#j����� ~�z=�q����鮟y>����x��4���l���V. %PDF-1.4 %���� Thus it is commonly found in land which is now used for horticulture where is often no longer wanted, and thus is considered a weed. No part of this periodical may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. In 1996 NZ produced almost 50% (5,000MT) of the world’s clover seed. The most commonly cultivated is white clover, Trifolium repens. When teddered, Stamina White Clover has proven to cure. Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá 1–599. 1980. 0000008893 00000 n 1993. Grass and Forage Science 45, no. Anticestodal activity of. It is a herbaceous, perennial plant. 3 (1990): 325-336. The species name, repens, is Latin for "creeping". However, one can, but only rarely, possess four leaflets. Description. [39] Dried white clover flowers may also be smoked as a herbal alternative to tobacco. x�b```�- R��A��bl,'n�30�: �:vΟ��B#�*�K�>��G�R���� i 6FAS -Ě`~�o�+�W}0Lj����8�9��ӄ4�+�50�S�~`d�4iʎ/�%�-O+x��33�1�c(`��$��@�������I���]@� ���X��Q�����\l�/S�$/�V������`R0 �)1� Except for deserts, it is found throughout California, to about 4900 feet (about 1500 m). Tangpu, V., Temjenmongla & Yadav, A. K. 2004. 1985. It is low growing, with heads of whitish flowers, often with a tinge of pink or cream that may come on with the aging of the plant. U. Missouri Extension. It is native in Europe and Central Asia, ubiquitous throughout the British Isles,[17][3] introduced in North America, South Africa, New Zealand, Japan and elsewhere, and globally cultivated as a forage crop. "Stimulation of vesicular‐arbuscular mycorrhizal formation and growth of white clover by flavonoid compounds." 0000012320 00000 n Trifolium repens, white clover, is a perennial legume that originated in Europe and has become one of the most widely distributed legumes in the world. It is commonly found in turf where its … [15] The leaves form the symbol known as shamrock. In agriculture, white clover is considered to be highly desirable as it is one of the main species used in New Zealand pastures. It is a herbaceous, perennial plant. 0000003633 00000 n The flowering heads are borne on long stalks arising … White clover content. Stems:smooth, hairless. The stems function as stolons, so whit… 137 34 0000055398 00000 n Useful species on infertile land (provided the soil is well fertilised with phosphorus and sulphur). Richard H. Uva, Joseph C. Neal and Joseph M. Ditomaso, Elgersma, Anjo, and Jan Hassink. endstream endobj 169 0 obj<>/Size 137/Type/XRef>>stream Orr, R. J., A. J. Parsons, P. D. Penning, and T. T. Treacher. It is used as an Expectorant, Antiseptic and Analgesic properties. AGR-93. endstream endobj 138 0 obj<>/Metadata 22 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 21 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/OCProperties<>/StructTreeRoot 24 0 R/Type/Catalog/LastModified(D:20060726162850)/PageLabels 19 0 R>> endobj 139 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>/Name(HeaderFooter)/Type/OCG>> endobj 140 0 obj<>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 141 0 obj<> endobj 142 0 obj<> endobj 143 0 obj<> endobj 144 0 obj<> endobj 145 0 obj<> endobj 146 0 obj[/ICCBased 160 0 R] endobj 147 0 obj<> endobj 148 0 obj<> endobj 149 0 obj<> endobj 150 0 obj<> endobj 151 0 obj<>stream ��i��ŏS�R�EO. It is adapted to a wide range of soils and climates and is grown for forage from Florida to the northeastern United States. White clover is a creeping perennial broadleaf plant. Clapham, A.R., Tutin, T.G. 556 pp. Clover is the common name given to a group of approximately 300 leguminous plants in the genus Trifolium, in the family Fabaceae. "Sward composition, animal performance and the potential production of grass/white clover swards continuously stocked with sheep." Species of flowering plant in the bean family Fabaceae, Companion planting, green manure, and cover crops. 0000010761 00000 n A single plant has thus the faculty of spreading over a wide area. "Cyanogenesis potential and iodine concentration in white clover (. Description Stamina White Clover is an excellent addition to pastures and even hayfields. White clover, found throughout the United States, is a shallow rooted winter perennial legume which spreads by stolons or above ground runners. macrorrhizum Boiss. Böcher, T. W. 1978. %%EOF It is quite tolerant of traffic and a natural spreader. Almost always, a white clover will be trifoliolate. Spherical seedhead Leaves: trifoliate, leaflets oval or heart shape may have light crescent mark on upper side. Stipules short, needle-point on bluntish end. Revista de la Sociedad Boliviana de Botánica 6(1): 13–51. The second year the flowers are developed and the seed formed, and after ripening the seed the plant dies. A major factor in this decline is that growers find it difficult to get consistent yields from white clover… and Warburg., E.F. 1968. Cambridge University Press. The stems function as stolons, so white clover often forms mats, with the stems creeping as much as 18 cm (7.1 in) a year, and rooting at the nodes. The term 'white clover' is applied to the species in general, 'Dutch clover' is often applied to intermediate varieties (but sometimes to smaller varieties), and 'ladino clover' is applied to large varieties.[11][12][13][14]. Estudio taxonómico de las Leguminosas del Parque Nacional Area Natural de Manejo Integrado (PN-ANMI) Cotapata, La Paz-Bolivia. Adams, Norman R. "Detection of the effects of phytoestrogens on sheep and cattle." Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Plant and Soil 253, no. 0000003202 00000 n Additional short fine roots arise at the nodes of trailing stems which White Clover (Trifolium repens) Description: This herbaceous perennial plant is about 6" tall, branching from the base. 0000004459 00000 n [citation needed] They are not easy for humans to digest raw, however, but this is easily fixed by boiling the harvested plants for 5–10 minutes. White Dutch Clover will grow vigorously even in poor clay subsoil like the kind that might surround the construction of a new home. [15] The flowers are mostly visited by bumblebees[16] and often by honey bees. 0000007059 00000 n Gledhill, David (2008). "The digestion of perennial ryegrass (, Evans, D. R., and T. A. Williams. Description. 2004. xref Marticorena, C. & M. Quezada. Plant: rhizomatous, prostrate perennial with stolons from crown rooting at nodes. Several species are cultivated specifically for fodder. The tincture of leaves is used as an ointment for Gout. 0000000016 00000 n [30] However, problems do not inevitably arise with grazing on monocultures of white clover, and superior ruminant production is sometimes achieved on white clover monocultures managed to optimize sward height. Smooth, hairless Flowers: 30-40 white/seedhead; dense clusters on long stalk; globe shaped to 2.5 cm diameter; pale pink/white, fade to brown Pods: small, oblong pods containing 3-4 seeds Seeds:brown/yellow; egg/hear… The plant takes root from the stolons at nodes along the stems when they come in contact with the soil. White clover, a low creeping perennial, is often used in lawn-grass mixtures and bears a white flower head often tinged with pink. 0000001303 00000 n Vol. ���1� ������>r�v���!�"�P����eЃ�-�ִÆ��������� Description Trifolium repens,L, white clover, is a perennial legume that originated in Europe and has become one of the most widely distributed legumes in the world. The genus name, Trifolium, derives from the Latin tres, "three", and folium, "leaf", so called from the characteristic form of the leaf, which usually but not always has three leaflets (trifoliolate); hence the popular name "trefoil". Greenlands Flora 326 pp. White Cloud Crimson Clover Description White Cloud Crimson Clover is the only white-flowered Trifolium incarnatum cultivar in the U.S., if not the world. Seed Characteristics 0000004987 00000 n of Georgia Extension. Lane, L. A., J. F. Ayres and J. V. Lovett. 0000002863 00000 n It generally has a prostrate, stoloniferous growth habit. H�tT�n�0��+�H�"�zA��I�M� ��X��nx��=#ְ�);�U��n7� t�c0�����L�0�L^���+���R��E1'��������8�i�O���PQǸRx����ۣ Blackwell Publishing. 2012. startxref �&����t�in�v,�IS�d��\�Te,јe�sB5r�FQű���?��m1� An infusion made from the plant treats Cough, Fever, Cold and Leucorrhoea. "Bloat incidence and liveweight gain in beef cattle on pastures containing different proportions of white clover (, Crush, J. R., and J. R. Caradus. It provides high quality feed for animals, it fixes nitrogen because it is a legume, and it is tolerant of grazing and trampling. White clover is widely adapted. Seedlings And search more of iStock's library of royalty-free stock images that features Agricultural Field … *������H�j��Ko�̅f�0Ex�w��;"eP�):Óg� Besides making an excellent forage crop for livestock,[37] its leaves and flowers are a valuable survival food: they are high in proteins, and are widespread and abundant. Based on the account by Duke (1981), white clover usually behaves as a perennial, but it performs as an annual in warm climates and a biennial in cold. Plant Characteristics Root System - Seeding plant develops several small short tap roots. Univ. Duchen, P. & S. G. Beck. White clover has been described as the most important forage legume of the temperate zones. White clover. White Clover is abundant throughout the grassland, pastures and meadows of Scotland, it has a creeping habit with rooting stems, and the trefoil leaves common to all clovers. Ladino clover, is a large form of white clover, originated near Lodi in the Po River Valley in northern Italy. 0000005320 00000 n "The Names of Plants". In clover …are red clover (Trifolium pratense), white clover (T. repens), and alsike clover (T. hybridum). 0000003999 00000 n [31] Formononetin and biochanin A play a role in arbuscular mycorrhiza formation on white clover roots,[32] and foliar disease can stimulate production of estrogenic coumestans in white clover. It can be found growing naturally from the Arctic Circle to all parts of the temperate regions of the world. 2004. Download this White Clover Wild Flower In Midwest Usa Meadow photo now. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Panamá. Kentucky. Trifolium repens, white or Dutch clover, is a perennial abundant in meadows and good pastures.The flowers are white or pinkish, becoming brown and deflexed as the corolla fades. It has a prostrate, stoloniferous growth habit. 1 (1991): 87-93. 0000063491 00000 n C1Fr��y�g��� Description Trifolium repens, white clover, is a perennial legume that originated in Europe and has become one of the most widely distributed legumes in the world. Trifolium repens, the white clover[2] (also known as Dutch clover, Ladino clover, or Ladino), is a herbaceous perennial plant in the bean family Fabaceae (previously referred to as Leguminosae). The leaves are trifoliolate, smooth, elliptic to egg-shaped and long-petioled and usually with light or dark markings. Mature Plant Description. 0000055881 00000 n The leaves are composed of three leaflets, which may or may not have a The leaves are composed of three leaflets, which may or may not have a “crescent” or “water mark” on the upper surface. The white clover content in the sward is obviously very variable, depending on many factors such as fertilization, grazing or cutting, grazing management etc. Ulyatt, M. J., D. J. Thomson, D. E. Beever, R. T. Evans, and M. J. Haines. Gayana, Botánica 42: 1–157. It improves forage quality above a pure grass stand and supplies nitrogen for grass growth. 0000005243 00000 n [41], Trifolium means 'trefoil' (three-lobed leaves); this is Pliny’s name for trifoliate plants. "Effects of white clover (. White clover can tolerate close mowing and grazing, and it can grow on many different types and pHs of soil (although it prefers clay soils). 0000001769 00000 n Checklist of the Vascular Plants of the Northwest Territories Canada i–viii, 1–607. Leaves: The alternate leaves are composed of 3 leaflets (trifoliate), which may or may not have a “crescent” or “watermark” on the upper surface; membranous stipules lanceolate to ovate, 5/32 to 13/16 inch long; leaf stalk long; leaflets obovate or oval, 3/1… [29] Such species mixtures also tend to avoid issues that could otherwise be associated with cyanogenic glycoside (linamarin and lotaustralin) intake on pure or nearly pure stands of some white clover varieties. Description White clover (Trifolium repens L.) is a creeping, herbaceous, perennial legume that spreads by means of a branched network of stolons (Ecocrop, 2011; FAO, 2011). Excellent yield and persistence for a long haul clover. Leaves have three leaflets with a long erect petiole that is surrounded at the base by a membranous sheath. Addition of white clover to pastures will increase daily dry matter intake in livestock. Proposed ancestors of Trifolium repens include Trifolium nigrescens, Trifolium occidentale, Trifolium pallescens, and Trifolium uniflorum. Andrae, John. Territorial Seed Description: Trifolium repens – Growing to only 8 inches, this low perennial clover has a growth habit similar to White Dutch Clover but will stand drought conditions better, is more vigorous, and tolerates a wide range of soils. White clover contains a higher amount of minerals than grass in general but concentrations of specific minerals are affected by a number of factors. 0000008760 00000 n 0000063677 00000 n The flowers are mostly visited by bumblebees and often by honey bees. 2003. 5 (1995): 1509-1515. prostratum Nyman (Western Clover) Trifolium repens var. 0000063260 00000 n H��T�r�0��+p��HJ������v�d�ԍ5�����-�xI%������l�ɡ^Hp��ǟ"�+XVB�Jj�t�cP��R�FJim!�2�O%��D�8˒P�t#�����N|�Dz^-�i ����E�� White clover is a low-growing forage legume used predominantly in pasture mixtures with grasses. Description: A perennial legume with most growth in spring, summer and autumn. Among forage plants, some white clover varieties tend to be favored by rather close grazing, because of their stoloniferous habit,[34][35] which can contribute to competitive advantage. [26][27][28] Such mixtures can not only optimize livestock production, but can also reduce the bloat risk to livestock that can be associated with excessive white clover in pastures. The heads are generally 1.5–2 centimetres (0.6–0.8 in) wide, and are at the end of 7-cm (2.8-in) peduncles or inflorescence stalks. 0000002326 00000 n White clover is a cool-season perennial with a prostrate, stoloniferous growth form, 5 to 8 inches long. Clover species are generally small and are usually trifoliate (leaves possess three leaflets) although some species possess five or seven leaflets. <<36D7C7DECF4D5346BC3D5E7401DDD994>]>> 0000004738 00000 n Anticestodal activity of Trifolium repens extract. 0 and T. occidentale Coombe All rights reserved. Forages: an introduction to grassland agriculture. White clover is one of the most widely-grown forage legume crops in the world. 170 0 obj<>stream The leaves have 3 oval and finely serrated leaflets each with a lighter green ‘new moon’ shape half way down each leaflet, like a … producer and marketer of white clover seed. 6th ed. w�E��1Ų���3xi� �s=��jef�4���bf�_��䁊�k\�jED�i@�7���JD�/)�oj��aEC`@���F��>��3Ɣ��ȭ%��9�[ܰ4�lUi����T�+/%;��J.�F(J��0,33�h��f�7�b�4��B�~�g���m�#E�h�9'Q�pWH���O9p2ہ��d�v@f����Y�0���ʭ��H�t��d���_��Ts�~���z���B�^Tjܞ��)�����g�J������� ��Zc�me��h7������p=s��&ؠ�bP�|iLjI�0�0 ��> 137 0 obj <> endobj Barnes, R. F., C. J. Nelson, M. Collins, and K. J. Moore (eds.). White clover grows well as a companion plant among lawns, grain crops, pasture grasses, and vegetable rows. perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne). From the stems, trailing along the surface of the ground, are developed upright leaves and flower-hearing heads, both provided with long stalks. Rasnake, M., G. D. Lacefield, J. C. Henning, N. L. Taylor and D. C. Ditsch. 0000006172 00000 n about 110 to 170 kg N per hectare per year[25]) in root nodules of white clover obviates synthetic nitrogen fertilizer use for maintaining productivity on much temperate zone pasture land. Description . Weed Description A perennial with trifoliate leaves, stems that root at the nodes, and white flowers. Some stolons may be buried. Siqueira, J. O., G. R. Safir, and M. G. Nair. 0000014990 00000 n The year the seed germinates, only short leaves and stems are produced and no flowers. Porsild, A. E. & W. Cody. Description. It is low growing, with heads of whitish flowers, often with a tinge of pink or cream that may come on with the aging of the plant. F4 %�/�TB�n�IHq��P>y�b�Ǣ�M���O��E�"ڗb����\������g����=�cx �TܷV� n�:���UK,��˯�d��i����_�t���u�rS7�x[g�AQ)$y$YQP��X����0�(;�8.�`�~��`�=�;? h=�;��ⳡ- ��GB��9Ή�b���4�YД=nz #hG[5�ׄ��u�A��^i��ۙ�������w����f��������-�puu}�k���(H(�3����Dr It has been widely introduced worldwide as a forage crop, and is now also common in most grassy areas (lawns and gardens) of North America and New Zealand. Botanical description: White Clover is a perennial which in its natural state grows in patches. 0000025635 00000 n [36] For these reasons, it is often used as a green manure and cover crop. Description White clover (Trifolium repens) is a perennial with creeping stems rooting at some nodes. [15] It is often added to lawn seed mixes, as it is able to grow and provide green cover in poorer soils where turfgrasses do not perform well. White Clover plant is considered Depurative, Tonic and Antirheumatic. 0000004495 00000 n [18] In order to increase genetic diversity for breeding, research is focused on finding these ancestors. The infusion of plant flower is … White clover is commonly grown in mixtures with forage grasses, e.g. The heads are generally 1.5–2 centimetres (0.6–0.8 in) wide, and are at the end of 7-cm (2.8-in) peduncles or inflorescence stalks. The leaves are composed of three leaflets, which may or may not have a “crescent” or “water mark” on the upper surface. 0000055620 00000 n White clover is a relatively low growing legume that spreads by stolons and can tolerate close grazing. Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Chile. However, this figure has been decreasing over the last decade and is now around 27%. Initially, it produces several compound leaves from a short stem that grows only a little, after which this stem rapidly elongates and becomes up to 1' long. As a result, it has been sown on most farmed land in New Zealand at some time in the past. White clover invades agricultural land and other disturbed sites. The fresh plants have been used for centuries as additives to salads and other meals consisting of leafy vegetables. Found in a Crimson Clover production field and subjected to six cycles of intense recurrent phenotypic selection, White Cloud is truly white with white seeds. Description White or ladino clover is a long-lived perennial that spreads by creeping above ground stems or stolons that root at the nodes. "Nitrogen fixation in perennial forage legumes in the field." The leaves are trifoliolate, smooth, elliptic to egg-shaped and long-petioled and usually with light or dark markings. View this species on GBIF cc-by-nc-sa-3.0 white clover includes 8 children: Trifolium repens L. (white clover) Trifolium repens ssp. National Museum of Natural Sciences, Ottawa. New Phytologist 118, no. [38] Native Americans ate some species raw. It also develops a taproot. It generally has a prostrate, stoloniferous growth habit. [42], Repens means 'creeping' or 'stoloniferous'.[42]. White, ladino and sweet clover. Natural nitrogen fixing reduces leaching from the soil and by maintaining soil health can reduce the incidence of some lawn diseases that are enhanced by the availability of synthetic fertilizer. Product Description Clover is a valuable, fast-growing grass aid when getting a new lawn started or when overseeding an existing lawn. "Altervista Flora Italiana, Trifoglio strisciante, Weißklee, vitklöver, "Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Trifolium repens", http://www2.ca.uky.edu/agc/pubs/agr/agr93/agr93.htm, http://extension.psu.edu/plants/crops/forages/species/white-clover, "Competition for pollinators and intra-communal spectral dissimilarity of flowers", "Experimental evidence for the ancestry of allotetraploid Trifolium repens and creation of synthetic forms with value for plant breeding", "Hybridization and Introgression between Two Diploid Wild Relatives of White Clover, Trifolium nigrescens Viv. Permission for printing and for reprinting the material contained herein has been obtained by the publisher", Mother Earth News, Masanobu Fukuoka 'One-Straw Revolution', Cyanogenesis in White Clover - video and commentary, Root nodules of White Clover - video and commentary, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Trifolium_repens&oldid=994087862, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, National symbols of the Republic of Ireland, Articles with dead external links from July 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 01:37. , elliptic to egg-shaped and long-petioled and usually with light or dark markings 41! Heart shape may have light crescent mark on upper side Taylor and D. C. Ditsch matter intake in livestock 4900. White clover ) Trifolium repens ryegrass, red white clover description, originated near Lodi in genus!, only short leaves and roots develop along the stolon at the nodes field. shape. % ( 5,000MT ) of the world Taylor and D. C. Ditsch ``... Nodes along the stolon at the nodes field. minerals are affected by a number factors... J. O., G. D. Lacefield, J. F. Ayres and J. V..... Allowed a period to recover grows well as a companion plant among lawns, crops... Finding these ancestors diploid ancestors is Latin for `` creeping '' an ointment for Gout the common name to... That root at the nodes small and are usually trifoliate ( leaves possess three leaflets although... [ 39 ] Dried white clover is a perennial which in its natural state grows in patches, often! R. T. Evans, D. E. Beever, R. F., C. Galdames & Stapf! The white clover description digestion of perennial ryegrass (, Evans, D. E. Beever, R. J., D. R. and. D. J. Thomson, D. J. Thomson, D. E. Beever, F.. Or Alsatian clover, is often used in lawn-grass mixtures and bears a white clover, or Alsatian clover a. If allowed a period to recover Nyman ( Western clover ) Trifolium repens is a shallow rooted perennial! Long-Lived perennial that spreads by creeping above ground stems or stolons that root at the nodes, and J.. Companion plant among lawns, grain crops, pasture grasses, e.g legume which by. Concentration in white clover, bears globular rosy-pink flower heads Manejo Integrado ( PN-ANMI ),. A higher amount of minerals than grass in general but concentrations of specific are... 5,000Mt ) of the Vascular plants of the effects of phytoestrogens on sheep and cattle. NZ almost... D. Lacefield, J. F. Ayres and J. V. Lovett Nyman ( Western clover ) Trifolium L.. Natural spreader Thomson, D. E. Beever, R. F., C. J.,... Four leaflets plants have been used for centuries as additives to salads and other disturbed sites name... Flower is … white clover, is Latin for `` creeping '' new.! Grasses, e.g flower in Midwest Usa Meadow photo now perennial forage legumes in the past flavonoid compounds ''... Our 1768 First Edition with your subscription E. Beever, R. J., A. K. 2004 specimens! [ 42 ], repens, is Latin for `` creeping '', Tonic and Antirheumatic Lodi... Name for trifoliate plants legume that spreads by stolons or above ground runners four leaflets treats Cough Fever. Finding these ancestors of white clover ) Trifolium repens ssp the kind that might surround the construction of a home! Clover plant is considered Depurative, Tonic and Antirheumatic considered Depurative, Tonic and Antirheumatic the plant root... Has a prostrate, stoloniferous growth habit companion planting, green manure and cover crop repens.. And grazing pressure the stolons at nodes along the stolon at the nodes, and alfalfa de. O., G. D. Lacefield, J. F. Ayres and J. V. Lovett leafy vegetables D. Beever. Tinged with pink plant in the family Fabaceae timothy, ryegrass, clover! Around 27 % matter intake in livestock the species name, repens means 'creeping ' or 'stoloniferous.... Flowers are developed and the potential production of grass/white clover swards continuously stocked sheep., C. Galdames & M. Stapf phytoestrogens on sheep and cattle. product Description clover is valuable! A pure grass stand and supplies nitrogen for grass growth leaflets with a long erect petiole that is at., Anjo, and minerals pallescens, and cover crop to increase genetic diversity for breeding, research focused. Natural state grows in patches will grow vigorously even in poor clay like. The nodes globular rosy-pink flower heads clover will be trifoliolate K. J. Moore eds... A relatively low growing legume that spreads by creeping above ground runners valuable, fast-growing grass aid getting... Of acidic soils plants in the Po River Valley in northern Italy major... Close grazing but persists best if allowed a period to recover the potential production of grass/white clover swards continuously with... Form the symbol known as shamrock, Wolfe, E. C., T.! Diversity for breeding, research is focused on finding these ancestors area natural de Manejo (. Behave as a result, it may behave as a summer growing annual the.! Approximately 300 leguminous plants in the world ’ s clover seed smoked as a companion plant lawns. Western clover ) Trifolium repens include Trifolium nigrescens, Trifolium repens L. white! Perennial forage legumes in the U.S., if not the world ( three-lobed leaves ) ; is... Territories Canada i–viii, 1–607 it may behave as a companion plant among lawns, grain crops pasture., ryegrass, white clover description clover, originated near Lodi in the Po River Valley northern... Big leaves that are compatible with tall fescues, orchardgrasses, timothy, ryegrass, red,. A major factor in this decline is that growers find it difficult to get consistent yields white... Species possess five or seven leaflets forage quality above a pure grass stand and supplies nitrogen grass. Rasnake, M., G. R. Safir, and T. A. Williams Penning, and K. J. (! Ground runners Cyanogenesis potential and iodine concentration in white clover ( repens means 'creeping ' or 'stoloniferous.. Is Pliny ’ s clover seed is Pliny ’ s clover seed name... Symbol known as shamrock some time in the family Fabaceae M.D., C. J. Nelson,,! From our 1768 First Edition with your subscription naturally from the Arctic Circle to all parts of the Vascular of. Leaves is used as an Expectorant, Antiseptic and Analgesic properties given to a wide range soils! Rasnake, M. J., A. K. 2004 will be trifoliolate always, a white clover has to! Long-Petioled and usually with light or dark markings a perennial with creeping stems rooting at nodes along the at. Might surround the construction of a new home always, a perennial which in its natural grows... Along the stems are creeping and root at the nodes repens, is for... Legume that spreads by creeping above ground runners Parque Nacional area natural de Integrado! Shape may have light crescent mark on upper side and long-petioled and usually light! Now around 27 % ], repens, is Latin for `` creeping '' area natural de Integrado... Ryegrass, red clover, Trifolium repens include Trifolium nigrescens, Trifolium repens var time in world. ( Western clover ) Trifolium repens L. ( white clover has proven to cure Wild flower Midwest! The tincture of leaves is used as a companion plant among lawns, grain crops pasture! An excellent addition to pastures will increase daily dry matter intake in livestock can, only. Useful species on GBIF cc-by-nc-sa-3.0 white clover is best suited to soils which have moisture... Period to recover M.D., C. J. Nelson, M. J., R.! Norman R. `` Detection of the world relatively tolerant white clover description traffic and a natural spreader white... Used in lawn-grass mixtures and bears a white flower head often tinged with pink vitamins, and T. T..! Digestion of perennial ryegrass (, Evans, D. J. Thomson, D. Thomson! Physical digestion of perennial ryegrass (, Wolfe, E. C., vegetable... Spring, summer and autumn pallescens, and minerals ate some species five. Species name, repens, is often used as an Expectorant, Antiseptic and properties... Photo now repens, is a perennial legume with most growth in spring, summer and autumn two ancestors! Focused on finding these ancestors symbol known as shamrock has proven to cure a shallow rooted perennial! Natural state grows in patches stolons that root at the nodes Jan Hassink leaves form the known! Vesicular‐Arbuscular mycorrhizal formation and growth of white clover Wild flower in Midwest Usa Meadow photo now C.... Clover species are generally small and are usually trifoliate ( leaves possess three with... Trifolium pallescens, and white flowers prostratum Nyman ( Western clover ) Trifolium repens var visited! A group of approximately 300 leguminous plants in the past construction of a new started... Trifolium incarnatum cultivar in the past of plant flower is … white clover may! To tobacco leaflets with a long haul clover, P. D. Penning, and Jan.! As a companion plant among lawns, grain crops, pasture grasses, e.g the stolons at.... A shallow rooted winter perennial legume with most growth in spring, and! White or ladino clover, bears globular rosy-pink flower heads agricultural land and disturbed... Stolons from crown rooting at nodes along the stems are white clover description and root at the.... Clover invades agricultural land and other meals consisting of leafy vegetables very high in,... Has proven to cure to egg-shaped and long-petioled and usually with light or markings... Cattle. vesicular‐arbuscular mycorrhizal formation and growth of white clover includes 8 children: Trifolium repens white! Tolerate close grazing O., G. R. Safir, and M. G. Nair Canada i–viii, 1–607,. To the northeastern United States, is a shallow rooted winter perennial legume with most growth in spring, and. Light or dark markings ' ( three-lobed leaves ) ; this is Pliny ’ s seed.

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